Joseph, the Orthodox Greek Christian slave snatched from his parents as a child, and forcefully converted to Islam. In this oppressive condition he was given the name Mimār Koca Sinān.
They outsourced then as much as they outsource now. So, there goes another fabled silly theory about Islamic inventions brought to a ‘backward’ Europe. For many years historians have claimed muslims created some of the most impressive architecture in history. They in fact, created nothing. Facts are changing these fantasies as more and more lost pieces of history are floating to the surface.
Islam’s discoveries and contributions to the world were nothing else but acquisitions from brutal militant force and occupation and came from booty. The Islamic rule only existed like a parasite on the looted wealth, inventions, progress, evolvement and slave labor of it’s original host where Muslims had forced their presence. Even the Qur’an is the result of regional looting and booty, from raid after raid, weaving the faiths of locals myths and interfaith groups from a myriad of branches of Judaism, Christianity and Hinduism (paganism) existing in the Arabian peninsula for centuries pre-Islam.
And since parasites can only survive on a host, the Islamic empires became frail and weak, being unable to stay alive and rejuvenate or create anything new of their own (and they never have even to this day). The Caliph could only exist to the point where life and wealth was sucked out of the host until it got exhausted.
Joseph’s greatest creation, Süleymaniye Mosque in Istanbul (the most advanced and prosperous Christian city, Constantinople, until Islam dragged it into oblivion). Joseph Mimār Sinān designed the mosque during his life in slavery based on the principle rules of architecture from Greek Orthodox Churches – but with signs of a parasitic host added as decor, and towers in the shape of daggers like weapons… Joseph’s creation tells us who was there before the Ottoman’s, and who superimposed itself on the real power, perhaps so future generations would never forget?
Devshirme – Blood Tax On All Non-Muslims In The Form Of Money Or Slavery
The Ottoman muslims took Christian children as devshirme to serve in the empire. One of those children was Joseph, or as he became known under his converted muslim name: Mimār Koca Sinān, the “Great Architect Sinān”.
Devşirme (blood tax) was chiefly the practice by which the Ottoman Empire took boys from their Christian families, who were then forcefully converted to Islam with the primary objective of selecting and training the ablest children for leadership positions, either as military leaders or as high administrators to serve the Empire, though in Bosnia, exceptionally, the devşirme was also extended to local Muslim families.
The ideal age of a recruit was between 7 and 10 years of age, although they recruited much younger boys. The devşirme system was locally resented and was resisted, even to the point of disfiguring their sons. That should give us an idea that the slavery was something unpleasant and horrific for these people, and not some era of respect for Christians or any other minority that had to endure Muslim rule. It is also during this period prophet Mohammed became more and more referred to as the Anti-Christ throughout Europe. Some historians want to believe this was propaganda. But we believe it was the people’s assessment from the suffering they endured, that pushed them to even disfigure their own children to spare them being enslaved by Muslims.
According to Yoel Natan, between 200,000 and 300,000 boys were subjected to devşirme in period from the 15th until the 17th century; a policy that is installed in Muslim sharia law.
Vladimir Minorsky states, “The most striking manifestation of this fact is the unprecedented system of devshirme, i.e. the periodic conscription of ‘tribute boys’, by which the children of Christians were wrung from their families, churches, and communities to be molded into Ottoman praetorians owing their allegiance to the Sultan and the official faith of Islam.” This system as explained by Çandarlı Kara Halil Hayreddin Pasha, founder of the Janissaries, “The conquered are slaves of the conquerors, to whom their goods, their women, and their children belong as lawful possession“, indicates the clear opinion of an Ottoman official regarding devşirme.
The devşirme were collected once every four or five years from rural provinces in Balkans, and with a few exceptions, only from non-Muslims. The devşirme levy was not applied to the major cities of the empire, and children of local craftsmen in rural towns were also exempt, as it was considered that conscripting them would harm the economy.
In early days all Christians were enrolled indiscriminately; later those from Albania and Bosnia were preferred. Bernard Lewis points that the core of the “Ottoman Janissaries were Slavic and Balkan origin, particularly Albanian, Serb, and Macedonians. ” Well known examples of Ottomans who had been recruited in the devşirme include Scanderbeg and Sinan Pasha.
Jews were exempt from this service and until recently Armenians were thought to have been exempt also. However, Armenian colophons from the fifteenth to seventeenth centuries and foreign travelers of the time indicate that Armenians were indeed not spared from the devşirme.
What is certain is that devşirme were primarily recruited from Christians in the Balkans. However, Bosnian Muslims were also recruited and sent directly to serve in the Palace (rather than the military), under groups called “potor”.
The Greek Christian Slave Who Became Islam’s Greatest Architect
Mimār Koca Sinān, the “Great Architect Sinān”, was born in Anatolia, Turkey in 1489; he died in Istanbul in 1588. Generally considered the greatest of all Ottoman architects, Sinān’s career spanned about fifty years since he was appointed chief royal architect to the Ottoman court by Sultan Suleyman I in 1539. His great mosques are the archetypal image of Turkish Ottoman architecture.
|Born||MIMAR SINANc. 1489/1490
Ağırnas, Karaman Eyalet,
now Kayseri Province
|Died||July 17, 1588 (aged 98)
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Mehmed Paša Sokolović Bridge
Mihrimah Sultan Mosque
Kılıç Ali Pasha Complex
Sokollu Mehmet Pasha Mosque
Banya Bashi Mosque
Church of the Assumption
During his long career Sinān built hundreds of buildings including mosques, palaces, harems, chapels, tombs, schools, almshouses, madrassahs, caravan serais, granaries, fountains, aqueducts and hospitals. Of this diverse group of works, his mosques have been most influential. In his mosques’ design, Sinān exerted his inventive experimentation with centralized domed spaces, often compared with parallel developments in Renaissance Italy, produced monuments in which the central dome appearted weightless and the interior surfaces bathed in light. He often designed his mosques as part of a complex comprising schools, baths, guesthouses and hospitals.
The life story of Sinān is somewhat complex and full of uncertainties. The successful career of this great architect and his genius have prompted great interest among historians of architecture and of Islamic civilisation in the Ottoman period. Some of these scholars constructed his life story linking it very much to his Christian origin. As narrated in these sources, the story consists of the following. Sinān was the son of Greek Orthodox Christian parents. His father was a stonemason and a carpenter from Greece, or Serbia, or may be Austria.
His mother, according to Egli was imprisoned and then enslaved by Ibrahim Pasha. Sinān learnt his father’s trade at his youth but he was snatched from his family and taken to work for the Caliph court. With the skills learnt at an early age, he quickly developed his career of architect from his military service at the Janissary Corps. Such a tale is repeated in several recent historical sources.
The interiors of the Süleymaniye Mosque in Istanbul, looking ever so much a Greek Orthodox church.
In 1512, Sinan was conscripted into Ottoman service under the devshirme system. and was sent to Constantinople to be trained as an officer the Janissary Corps and converted to Islam. He was too old to be admitted to the imperial Enderun School in the Topkapı Palace but was sent instead to an auxiliary school. Some records claim that he might have served the Grand Vizier Pargalı İbrahim Pasha as a novice of the Ibrahim Pasha School. Possibly, he was given the Islamic name Sinan there. He initially learned carpentry and mathematics but through his intellectual qualities and ambitions, he soon assisted the leading architects and got his training as an architect.
During the next six years, he also trained to be a Janissary officer (acemioğlan). He possibly joined Selim I in his last military campaign, Rhodes according to some sources, but when the Sultan died, this project ended. Two years later he witnessed the conquest of Belgrade. Under the new sultan, Suleiman the Magnificent, he was present, as a member of the Household Cavalry, at the Battle of Mohács. He was promoted to captain of the Royal Guard and then given command of the Infantry Cadet Corps. He was later stationed in Austria, where he commanded the 62nd Orta of the Rifle Corps. He became a master of archery, while at the same time, as an architect, learning the weak points of structures when gunning them down. In 1535 he participated in the Baghdad campaign as a commanding officer of the Royal Guard. In 1537 he went on expeditions to Corfu and Apulia and Moldavia.
During these campaigns he proved himself an able architect and engineer. When the Ottoman army captured Cairo, Sinan was promoted to chief architect and was given the privilege of tearing down any buildings in the captured city that were not according to the city plan [=had to be converted to an Islamic building to show takeover, superiority, conquest]. During the campaign in the East, he assisted in the building of defences and bridges, such as a bridge across the Danube. He converted churches into mosques.
The Architecture of Greek Orthodox Churches/Cathedrals
An example of the architecture of a modernized Greek Orthodox Church. Bottom image: The ancient Greek Orthodox CHURCH Hagia Sofia cathedral is once again afflicted by a parasitic host and is now being turned into a mosque. And compare the pre-islamic church to the Süleymaniye Mosque below. Look familiar?
1. ‘Hagia Sophia (Turkish: Ayasofya) is a former Greek Orthodox patriarchal basilica.’
2. ‘It is certain that both his [Mimar Sinan] parents were of the Eastern Orthodox Christian faith, since the Ottoman archives of that epoch recorded only religion information about the population’
3. ‘In 1512, Sinan was conscripted into Ottoman service under the devshirme system [jizya/blood tax in the form of slavery to avoid being persecuted and killed].’
4. Muslim slave trade: http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/islam/history/slavery_1.shtml#section_4; “…and point out that many Christian families were hostile and resentful about it – which is perhaps underlined by the use of force to impose the system.“.
5. Yannaras, Christos, Orthodoxy and the West: Hellenic self-identity in the modern age, (Holy Cross Orthodox Press, 2006), 112.
6. Schindler, John R., Unholy terror: Bosnia, al-Qa’ida, and the rise of global jihad, (Zenith Press, 2007), 23.
7. Bostom, Andrew G. “Jihad Conquests and the Impositions of Dhimmitude – A Survey” in The Legacy of Jihad: Islamic Holy War and the Fate of Non-Muslims. Andrew G. Bostom (ed.) New York: Prometheus Book, 2005, pp. 41-46.
8. S. Trifkovic. The Sword of the Prophet: Islam; History, Theology, Impact on the World. p. 9